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Use Peace Journalism Do Not Focus On War

 24-09-2022, 00:41

Use Peace Journalism Do Not Focus On WarThe media of Central Asia, who informed about last week’s armed clashes and cross-border violence between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan must use peace journalism tools, according to the message of the School of Peacemaking and Media Technology in Central Asia.

 

Analysis of the media space showed that the armed clashes narratives dominated in daily news.

The audience received information on battles, victims, violence and military actions.

However, the media content was more war-oriented.

The media outlets published no materials focused on decisions offering and analysing various options of peaceful initiatives.

The School of Peacemaking encourages journalists and content creators to use peace journalism approaches. This approach helps editors and reporters to choose what and how to report on the events to consider non-violent response to the conflict.





CALL FOR APPLICATION TO HUMAN RIGHTS MEDIA REPORTING TRAINING

 23-09-2022, 15:15
CALL FOR APPLICATION TO HUMAN RIGHTS MEDIA REPORTING TRAININGThe School of Peacemaking and Media Technology in Central Asia is announcing the call for participation in the "Reporting on minority and marginalised groups issues’ workshop” to be held in late October thru early November 2022 in Bishkek.

The working languages of the event are Russian, Kyrgyz.

Journalists and editors from Kyrgyzstan are invited to participate in the training. All costs will be covered by organisers.

To take part in the call, you have to submit a filled application form, a CV of a potential participant, a scanned copy of a passport, as well as a motivation letter for participation to the e-mail peacemakingandmediaca@gmail.com marked as "For training”.

The main criteria of selection will be their current activities in the sphere, understanding of importance of human rights and promotion of minority and vulnerable group issues in the media.

The deadline for applications is 5.00 pm Bishkek time, October 5, 2022.

Applications submitted after the deadline will not be considered. The team does not comment its selection methods and does not reply to requests after the competition is over.

The event will be held under the Peacemaking School’s programme on the promotion of media freedom and diversity, supported by the Canada Fund for Local Initiatives (CFLI).





INTERNSHIP OPEN CALL

 18-08-2022, 21:31
INTERNSHIP OPEN CALLThe School of
Peacemaking and Media Technology in Central Asia announces an annual a
competition among students from Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan,
Afghanistan studying journalism and mass communication, law, cultural studies
and anthropology, to participate in research and media monitoring projects.
Over the past
six years, about 60 students have completed the research internships. 
This
internship is scheduled for the period from December 15, 2022 to January 25,
2023.
In some cases,
a student can start an internship earlier.
The internship
will be carried out in a distance format or offline.
The selected
interns will be trained in new analytical tools, will have access to databases
and, together with the team, will conduct a few studies.
Participation
in the project is a good practice, upon completion of which an internship
confirmation letter will be issued. An important criterion for selecting
interns is language proficiency, perseverance, attentiveness, a clear
application of methodology and indicators in practice, a desire to work with
large amounts of information. 
Topics for
research this year: 
Freedom of expression in the conflict time
Media хenophobia and hate speech (focused on local countries context)
Media narratives and terrorism threat
Information wars and geopolitics
Fake news, trolling during political and public
campaigns
Electoral processes
A motivation letter and a CV including
the contacts of at least two referees should be sent to peacemakingandmediaca@gmail.com until 18:00 Bishkek time, December 5, 2022 marked
"For internship".
Applications
sent after this deadline will not be considered. The team does not comment on
the selection methods and does not respond to letters of inquiry after the end
of the call.
 
About the organization: The School of Peacemaking and Media Technology in Central Asia is a media
development, peace communications and freedom of expression organization
focused on  countering hate speech, discrimination
in the media, on the Internet and public discourse. 
Our vision statement aims at encouraging
diversity, human rights, peace fair journalism access to information and
citizens making informed opinions as a means of promoting a tolerant society.
Since 2011, the School of Peacemaking and Media Technology in Central Asia has
implemented nearly 20 programs focused on these activities. 
We conduct peace and conflict
research, monitoring and trainings-workshop on media and communications issues.  
To contact: www.ca-mediators.net; www.mapincidents.kg;https://www.facebook.com/peacemakingS/; peacemakingandmediaca@gmail.com

 





Public Broadcasting Corporation Transformed Into State Controlled

 14-05-2022, 14:04
Public Broadcasting Corporation Transformed Into State ControlledOn May 13, 2022, President Zhaparov signed a law to change the status of the Public Broadcasting Corporation (OTRK).
The law transformed OTRK, the country's largest and most viewed broadcaster, into a state-owned organization while removing a number of democratic principles designed to ensure the broadcaster's independence. Under the law, the broadcaster would be headed by a person appointed by the president. The Supervisory Board, partially elected by representatives of civil society organizations was disestablished.  There is risking corruption and political interference to the detriment of the public interest in this legislation, media experts said.
"The bill to further undermine the independence of the OTRK, independent journalism, and freedom of expression more broadly, in Kyrgyzstan,- pointed out Inga Sikorskaia, director of the Peacemaking and Media Technology School, a journalist who spent 10 years working as an editor in the Public Broadcasting Corporation at the beginning of her media career.
Further,  the legislation would contradict recommendations supported by Kyrgyzstan during its 3rd cycle of Universal Periodic Review aimed at strengthening democratic institutions by protecting freedom of expression and media freedom.




STOP RUSSIAN PROPAGANDA IN KYRGYZSTAN

 1-03-2022, 23:23
STOP RUSSIAN PROPAGANDA IN KYRGYZSTANThe Coalition for Equality, which brings together 36 civil society organizations and activists in Kyrgyzstan, has addressed the president of Kyrgyzstan and the government with an appeal to provide information about the difficult international situation.
"Our residents, who are under Russian informational pressure, receive one-sided information, and local media do not have the opportunity to cover the situation due to the lack of their own correspondents [in the conflict zone]," the statement says.
 The information war, a lot of fakes in the media, and on the Internet provoke our society to divide which can lead to negative consequences.
Members of the Coalition called on the president and government of Kyrgyzstan to ban Russian state news TV channels in Kyrgyzstan’s digital packages and replace them with local ones in order to give balanced news.
The Coalition for Equality is also addressing journalists to create more truthful reporting in local languages.




STATEMENT OF SUPPORT FOR UKRAINE AND UKRAINIAN JOURNALISTS

 25-02-2022, 23:33

 

STATEMENT OF SUPPORT FOR UKRAINE AND UKRAINIAN JOURNALISTSJustice for Journalists Foundation (JFJ)andthe undersigned organisations, stand in solidarity with the people of Ukraine, but particularly Ukrainian journalists who now find themselves at the frontlines of a large-scale European war.

We unilaterally condemn the violence and aggression that puts thousands of our colleagues all over Ukraine in grave danger.

We call on the international community to provide any possible assistance to those who are taking on the brave role of reporting from the war zone that is now Ukraine.

We condemn the physical violence, the cyberattacks, disinformation and all other weapons employed by the aggressor against the free and democratic Ukrainian press.

We also stand in solidarity with independent Russian media who continue to report the truth in unprecedented conditions.

Join the statement of support for Ukraine by signing it here.

#Журналісти_Важливі

Signed:

 

1. Justice for Journalists Foundation

2. Index on Censorship

3. International Foundation for Protection of Freedom of Speech "Adil Soz”

4. International Media Support (IMS)

5. Yerevan Press Club

6. Turkmen.news

7. Free Press Unlimited

8. Human Rights Center "Viasna”

9. Albanian Helsinki Committee

10. Media Rights Group, Azerbaijan

11. European Centre for Press and Media Freedom

12. Association of European Journalists

13. School of Peacemaking and Media Technology in Central Asia

14. Human Rights Center of Azerbaijan

15. Reporters Without Borders, RSF

16. Association of Independent Press of Moldova, API

17. Public Association "Dignity”, Kazakhstan

18. PEN International

19. Human Rights House Foundation, Norway

20. IFEX

21. UNITED for Intercultural Action

22. Human Rights House Yerevan

23. Helsinki Citizens’ Assembly – Vanadzor, Armenia ??

24. Rafto Foundation for Human Rights, Norway

25. Society of Journalists, Warsaw

26. The Swedish OSCE-network

27. Hungarian Helsinki Committee

28. Legal policy research centre, Kazakhstan

29. Public Foundation Notabene – Tajikistan

30. HR NGO "Citizens’ Watch – St. Petersburg, Russia

31. English PEN

32. Public organization "Dawn” – Tajikistan

33. International Press Institute (IPI)

34. The Union of Journalists of Kazakhstan

35. ARTICLE 19

36. Human Rights House Tbilisi

37. Rights Georgia

38. Election Monitoring and Democracy Studies Center. Azerbaijan

39. International Service for Human Rights (ISHR)

40. Bulgarian Helsinki Committee

41. Global Forum for Media Development (GFMD)

42. European Federation of Journalists

43. Social Media Development Center, Georgia

44. Populus Rei, Georgia

45. OBC Transeuropa

46. The Bureau of Investigative Journalism

47. Journalists Union YENI NESIL, Azerbaijan

48. Media and Law Studies Association (MLSA) , Istanbul

49. Baku Press Club

50. Centre for Journalism Innovation and Development Premium Times

51. Union Sapari

52. The Coalition For Women In Journalism (CFWIJ)

53. Committee to Protect Freedom of Expression, Armenia

54. FEDERATIA SINDICATELOR DIN SOCIETATEA ROMANA DE RADIODIFUZIUNE, Bucharest, ROMANIA

55. CD FILMS (FRANCE)

56. CFDT-Journalistes

57. Belarusian Association of Journalists

58. SafeJournalists network

59. Association of Journalists of Kosovo

60. Association of Journalists of Macedonia

61. BH Journalists Association

62. Croatian Journalists’ Association

63. Independent Journalists Association of Serbia

64. Trade Union of Media of Montenegro

65. Analytical Center for Central Asia (ACCA)

66. Trade Union of Croatian Journalists

67. European Press Prize

68. Ethical Journalism Network

69. European Journalism Centre

70. Slovene Association of Journalists

71. Investigative Studios

72. PEN Belarus

73. Public Media Alliance (PMA)

 





Inga Sikorskaia: We Need to Focus on Peace, Rather Than Conflict

 18-09-2021, 15:39

 

Inga Sikorskaia: We Need to Focus on Peace, Rather Than ConflictBy mid-August, Taliban militants seized much of Afghanistan; on August 15, they took control of Kabul without a fight. President Ashraf Ghani fled the country; the Taliban try to establish their rule and intend to transform Afghanistan into Islamic Emirate. Meanwhile, the rest of the world is rethinking what happened: countries are deciding how to build foreign policy relations with new Afghanistan, as well as what to do with the refugees, who, presumably, will flee the country.

Inga Siukorskaia,Director of the School of Peacemaking and Media Technology in Central Asia Inga Sikorskaya spoke with CABAR.asia Media School about how Central Asian media should cover the situation in order not to increase xenophobia in society towards refugees, and much more.

– How should the journalists report on refugees?

– According to the standards of covering diversity issues, which include such social groups as "refugees” (people who already have this status), "asylum-seekers” and "forced migrants” (those forced to move to a certain country out of fear for their lives and seeking refugee status), the journalist must first analyse how media covered this issue before and identify the gaps.

Often, the media report on such people only in crime news, or in a humiliating context, thereby instilling fear among the audience. A reporter should follow a peacemaking approach: spend a few days in a refugee camp with these people, describe what you saw, how they live, whether they have access to water, their children – to education, healthcare. Let them tell the story in their words. Find people among them who were able to reintegrate into society, and tell about them. Do not forget about ethical terminology and visual content.

During my recent trip to Afghanistan, I spoke a lot with colleagues and ordinary people and I think that in fact, no one intends to flee to Kyrgyzstan, for example. First, you will be surprised, but the Afghan people are the patriots of their country. They can bear the poverty, but the main thing for them – to stay at their homes. Second, those who want to leave Afghanistan after the Taliban takeover do not intend to go to the Central Asian countries at all; they want to go to the United States, to Europe.

Nevertheless, our authorities have already announced they are going to accept Afghans fleeing the Taliban regime.

– Yes, they announced the intention to accept 1.2 thousand people, but it is not a sure thing that it will be Afghans. It is quite possible that they meant ethnic Kyrgyz people from Badakhshan, who were previously not allowed across the Tajik border. In addition, we must understand that Afghans have already learned the difficult lesson in Kyrgyzstan: some people, who applied for asylum, lived here for 25 years, and left or died, without receiving refugee status.

In addition, people are afraid not so much of those fleeing the Taliban, as of the Taliban themselves, who will now go to the Central Asian countries, as some experts claim.

– The Taliban have nothing to do here either. What happened in Afghanistan is the internal political processes and the geopolitical struggle for influence in the region, which various experts and politicians used in their mainstream forecasts to spread panic.

– It turns out that journalists help such politicians.

– To some extent. Even today, sensationalised media are contributing to the creation of a negative stereotype not only about refugees, who, by the way, did not appear yet, but also about any foreigners arriving in the country. They maintain and develop a prejudice against people dressed differently, or speaking different languages.

– How does this happen?

– Our society, unfortunately, has many negative stereotypes about Afghanistan. What are the media doing against the background of general hysteria and panic? They post tweets of unknown people without even checking the facts. Authoritative media quote users who post something like, "I went out for a cappuccino, and there were millions of Pakistanis around”.

– What is wrong with this tweet?

– The problem is not the tweet, but the fact that the media reposted it. The phrase "millions of Pakistanis” is exaggerating data. By publishing it, the media commits a gross journalistic error, relaying an outrageous stereotypical perception. It can be reposted, but, according to the journalistic standards and a peacemaking approach, it is necessary to place the facts in the appropriate context. This will remove the problem and enable the audience to understand what is happening in reality. Given the complex political environment, the context should be broad, neutral, not inciting hatred or fear.

Moreover, this is not the only example. You probably noticed the materials about Bishkek residents complaining about the alleged influx of foreigners to the capital of Kyrgyzstan. These messages are also based on user-generated content. Moreover, the media not only cite online users but also use their photos. The photos of people in unusual for Kyrgyz people clothes, possibly Pakistani or Indian students, are being reposted. These clothes are called Pashtun, although it is wrong. Therefore, by creating such messages, the journalists trigger certain groups of people and this, as a result, can lead to hate crimes.

– Would it be right to create a material explaining how Pashtun clothes differ from other national clothes?

– What for? People should not be judged by what they wear. This is unacceptable for the media. Focusing on differences in a particular socio-political context leads to intolerance and hostility. Social media users do this because they are incompetent and lack a degree of journalistic responsibility. But why do the journalists allow this? This is an intolerant approach. A person can wear any clothes, if, of course, we are not talking about some kind of dress codes in official institutions; he/she can speak the most comfortable language. In case the media want to show that there really are some rumors about an alleged influx of refugees, they should conduct an investigation using the tools of Peace Journalism: to talk to these people, understand who they are, and provide the audience with a big picture.

– The media tried to clarify the situation: they published the answers of the border service on how many foreigners had arrived in Kyrgyzstan.

– What was the point of finding this out? The foreigners are always a targeted group in such countries as Kyrgyzstan, where there is a problem with tolerance. In this situation, all of a sudden, the media asked the border guards for information about the number of foreigners who arrived in the country (from Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, etc.). Why, in the current disturbing socio-political context, cover this topic in one-sided news? They should provide balanced news, and should not create fear. In addition, is Kyrgyzstan not positioning itself as a tourist destination? We should welcome any foreigners if so.

– What approach should be followed when covering refugees-related issues?

– Now, the main thing is to accurately verify the information and try to balance it. In peacemaking journalism, reporting should focus on peace rather than conflict. In Peace Journalism, there is a rule of "Three Don’ts”:

  • do not soften the conflict;
  • do not search for those guilty of the conflict;
  • do not spread opinions and accusations as established facts.

This approach enables editors and reporters to make choices, that is, decide what facts and in what context to communicate to the audience for the consideration of non-violent responses to the conflict. The conflict here means not only a military conflict but also any situation that can become a source of potential conflicts in society.

– What should journalists remember when covering refugees-related issues?

– Before creating a negative image of people who may possibly arrive from the conflict zone, which I deeply doubt, we need to understand that each of us could find him/herself in their place. Now, I updated all my training materials for journalists and included there the practice of own feelings and understanding that the world is dynamic and unstable. No one can know what will happen tomorrow. The population of any country can be involved in a military conflict. That is, any of us can become a refugee and forced migrant in another country. Because of the appearance, language, cultural differences (which do not comply with some stereotypes in society), with the "support” of unethical, incompetent journalists, any person can be attributed to a target group hated by others.

Title photo: AFP / Scanpix / LETA


This publication was produced as part of the mentorship programme under the Development of New Media and Digital Journalism in Central Asia project delivered by the Institute for War and Peace Reporting (IWPR) with support from the UK Government. It does not necessarily reflect the official views of IWPR or the UK Government

 





INTERNSHIP OPEN CALL

 1-09-2021, 09:46

INTERNSHIP OPEN CALLThe School of Peacemaking and Media Technology in Central Asia announces an annual competition among students from Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan and any countries, studying journalism and mass communication, law, cultural studies, and anthropology, to participate in research and media monitoring projects.

Over the past five years, more than 50 students have completed research internships.

 

This internship is scheduled for the period from December 15 to January 20, 2022.

In some cases, a student can start an internship earlier.

Due to the epidemiological situation, it is likely that an internship will be carried out in a distance format.

 

The selected interns will be trained in new analytical tools, will have access to databases, and together with the team, will conduct a few studies.

Participation in the project is a good practice, upon completion of which an internship confirmation letter will be issued. An important criterion for selecting interns is language proficiency, perseverance, attentiveness, a clear application of methodology and indicators in practice, a desire to work with large amounts of information.

Participation in the project is a good practice, upon completion of which an internship confirmation letter will be issued. An important criterion for selecting interns is language proficiency, perseverance, attentiveness, the use of methodology and indicators during research, a desire to work with large amounts of information on the Internet.

 

Topics for this year:

 

COVID-19 pandemic and information manipulation

 

Electoral processes

 

Xenophobia and hate speech

 

Terrorism Threats and Media Narratives

 

A letter of motivation and a CV indicating the contacts of at least two referees should be sent to peacemakingandmediaca@gmail.com until 18:00 Bishkek time, December 5, 2021, marked "For internship".

 

Applications sent after this deadline will not be considered. The team does not comment on the selection methods and does not respond to letters of inquiry after the end of the call.

 

The School of Peacemaking and Media Technology in Central Asia announces an annual a competition among students from Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan and any countries, studying journalism and mass communication, law, cultural studies and anthropology, to participate in research and media monitoring projects.

Over the past five years, more than 50 students have completed the research internships.

 

This internship is scheduled for the period from December 15 to January 20, 2022.

In some cases, a student can start an internship earlier.

Due to the epidemiological situation, it is likely that an internship will be carried out in a distance format.

 

The selected interns will be trained in new analytical tools, will have access to databases and, together with the team, will conduct a few of studies.

Participation in the project is a good practice, upon completion of which an internship confirmation letter will be issued. An important criterion for selecting interns is language proficiency, perseverance, attentiveness, a clear application of methodology and indicators in practice, a desire to work with large amounts of information.

Participation in the project is a good practice, upon completion of which an internship confirmation letter will be issued. An important criterion for selecting interns is language proficiency, perseverance, attentiveness, the use of methodology and indicators during research, a desire to work with large amounts of information on the Internet.

 

Topics for this year:

 

COVID-19 pandemic and information manipulation

 

Electoral processes

 

Xenophobia and hate speech

 

Terrorism Threats and Media Narratives

 

A letter of motivation and a CV indicating the contacts of at least two referees should be sent to peacemakingandmediaca@gmail.comuntil 18:00 Bishkek time, December 5, 2021 marked "For internship".

 

Applications sent after this deadline will not be considered. The team does not comment on the selection methods and does not respond to letters of inquiry after the end of the call.






The World Press Freedom Day -2021

 3-05-2021, 19:15

The World Press Freedom Day -2021The media should help the society better know the online environment. It is important to detect the reliable sources, differentiate between quality information, facts and fakes, carry out unbiased journalistic investigations amid the existing hate speech, trolling and disinformation.

The School of Peacemaking and Media Technology in CA with the support of the Media K Internews (Kyrgyzstan) documents cases of verbal aggression in the online environment as part of the ongoing monitoring and analysis of hate speech.

The hate speech dynamics in public space demonstrates that it remains at a high level.

The results gathered as of the World Press Freedom Day showed that almost one-third part of the monitored content contained hate speech in various forms. It was especially noticeable in online discussions about the referendum on amendments to the constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic, local and extraordinary presidential election that was held in 2021[1].

The outbreak of intolerance and distorted information was found in the last days of April 2021 amid messages about the armed conflict in the Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan border.

The intense public and political agenda of Kyrgyzstan aggravated by the crisis during the COVID-pandemic encourages the journalists and internet users to voice their opinions more actively. However, it is often accompanied by fake news, unverified information and deliberate misrepresentation of information.

Amid this situation, the experts reported correlations between hate speech, trolling and not always reliable messages that are spread in social media both by identified and fake accounts. Endless data flows, verbal aggression, disinformation make the audience doubt whether information is reliable. Therefore, journalistic investigations about facts, scope of distribution of such information, its actors and purposes are highly required.

The media should play the key role by using new approaches of creating and distributing content to protect and promote truthful information, by encouraging the audience to improve their media literacy skills and to offer opportunities, to evaluate information critically.

The World Press Freedom Day means to raise awareness of governments and the society on the need to respect and protect human rights to the freedom of expression, and to highlight the importance of complying with high standards and ethics for journalists, internet content creators. It will help improve the information ecology and create long-term measures to respond to hate speech and fake news.



[1]Hate speech on the internet during early presidential election in Kyrgyzstan, January 2021, http://ca-mediators.net/ru/ru_news/5396-yazyk-vrazhdy-i-sarkazm-v-internete-v-period-dosrochnyh-prezidentskih-vyborov-v-kr.html

 





Central Asia’s “Digital Authoritarianism”

 3-05-2021, 18:58
 
Central Asia’s “Digital Authoritarianism”The pandemic has allowed the authorities to further abuse technology and restrict freedom of speech.

The restrictions around coronavirus have made people around the world more reliant on the internet as a means of communication – often involving criticism of how the authorities have handled the crisis. Attempts by governments in Central Asia to suppress such censure have generated even more discontent, highlighting ongoing debates about online expression in the region.

IWPR: The pandemic and lockdown have made people spend more time online. Based on this, has Covid-19 influenced the level of internet freedom of speech in Central Asia? 

Inga Sikorskaya: The period of the pandemic has become one of the gloomiest for freedom of speech in Central Asia. The authorities have responded with strict restrictive measures that suppressed freedom of speech and the press and increased the risks of threats and attacks against journalists and bloggers, especially those who wrote about coronavirus.

On the one hand, we became dependent on digital technologies. On the other, many measures affected internet freedom as it became the main platform for sharing information during social isolation.  

The authorities silenced journalists and refused to accredit media outlets when they covered coronavirus during the lockdown. In Kyrgyzstan, in March-April 2020 the authorities forced bloggers to apologise for criticism that the government had responded poorly to the pandemic. 

In Uzbekistan in July 2020, a security agency supervisor forced the administrator of the Troll.uz Telegram channel to delete a post about corruption during the pandemic. In another case, unknown people called bloggers and reminded them of their criminal liability for "spreading panic” in posts about coronavirus.

Insults and threats were directed against independent journalists in Tajikistan who reported on Covid-19 when the authorities denied there were any coronavirus cases in the country. A range of independent web resources were blocked and access to information restricted.

What are the dynamics and changes that Covid-19 brought to the sphere of hate speech? 

The level of hate speech in the media and on the internet has increased slightly during social isolation because of the increase in comments from people who shifted to the online sphere. 

The situation increased the growth of xenophobia and Islamophobia. According to the results of our last survey on the influence of Covid-19 on discrimination, the main targets of hate attacks online in Kyrgyzstan were Muslim pilgrims who returned from hajj just before lockdown. Some users not only accused them of spreading coronavirus, but also urged other people to punish them.

Another target group among hate distributors were ethnic Chinese, the main target of media xenophobia in Kazakstan. In Uzbekistan, there was online hate speech against migrant workers who returned due to the pandemic.

In fact, the dynamics remain the same as in previous years. The only change is in the amount of recorded hate speech against various social groups and the political context that affected narratives of intolerance in the public space.

For example, in Kyrgyzstan – which experienced a disputed parliamentary election, an extraordinary presidential election, a referendum and political shock - hate speech spread on the internet much faster than in quieter neighbouring countries.

How would you evaluate the authorities’ attempts to regulate the internet and make users liable for their actions? How can we solve the problem of malicious behaviour via fake accounts? 

Most of the methods that are used to regulate the internet in Central Asia are authoritative and promote censorship. This trend can be seen in other states that experience digital authoritarianism. Instruments are used to strengthen social and political control and to suppress civil liberties. Despite the fact that digital society does suffer from fakes, the implementation of technologies related to online control and regulation requires guaranteed personal data confidentiality and the rule of law. It is difficult to assume that the governments of Central Asian countries will be willing to do this.
 
Therefore, the problem of fake accounts is best solved by cooperating with technology companies, digital giants such as Facebook, YouTube, Twitter. These companies are already actively involved in this issue, developing new algorithms, rules, promoting openness, transparency and their own regulatory mechanisms [alongside] freedom of expression. 

How do government’s restrictions affect the work of journalists, bloggers, activists – all those who use the internet for legitimate and free discussion? How should the media community solve these problems? 

Recent trends show a steady decline in internet freedom for several years in a row. There are three main challenges that will further threaten the freedom and development of journalism in Central Asia.

Firstly, this is an increase in the level of online threats, which continue in the offline environment. During the election campaigns of 2020 and 2021 in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakstan, journalists and Internet activists faced an increase in bullying, attacks and seizure of equipment while covering political processes live on the internet.

Therefore, more attention needs to be paid to the digital and physical security of media workers and all fighters for the freedom of expression.

Secondly, there are disinformation campaigns organised on the internet which often aim to entrap the media or active users. This is directly related to a digital tribalism trend. This is when discussion group members or trolls evaluate information not on the basis of compliance with generally accepted standards of evidence or common understanding, but on the basis of whether it supports the values and goals of a given digital tribe and whether this information is confirmed by their leaders.

The third challenge is the continued use of hate speech on social media platforms and under articles by online news agencies. Most of the documented incidents fall under the umbrella of freedom of expression and, if necessary, are regulated by the development of correct polemics, education and social disapproval.

However, there is a danger that the dissemination of hateful content could provoke outbreaks of offline violence against minorities and social groups. Therefore, the media community must act carefully here, with an understanding of the flexible structure of hate speech so as not to cause a baseless attack on freedom of expression. 

What other challenges do defenders of online freedom face in Central Asia? 

The pandemic has changed not only attitudes but also technologies. Censorship will grow through the expansion of technology and the export of digital authoritarianism in Central Asia's big neighbours, Russia and China. The surveillance and control of internet freedom advocates will grow. This challenge to democratic principles and human rights shows that we are moving in the opposite direction. Only new, alternative strategies can win.

These can be joint programmes of digital companies, media, civil society and governments, which must agree on a basic set of rules and values, taking into account the importance of preserving freedom of expression for the development of an open and inclusive society.

Timur Toktonaliev is IWPR’s Central Asia editor.


 

Inga Sikorskaya, a former senior IWPR editor for Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, now heads the School of Peacemaking and Media Technologies research organisation. She warns that government responses to freedom of speech amid the crisis heralds a worrying trend for future attempts to control online expression.

 








  • Военные возле рынка запчастей в во время массовых беспорядков, г. Ош, июнь 2010 год

  • Участники тренинга по медиации и урегулированию конфликтов строят "Башню мира", Бишкек, апрель, 2011 год

  • Тренинг для журналистов по разрушению стереотипов, Бишкек, апрель, 2012 год

  • Семинар по производству командных репортажей в мультинациональных журналистких группах, Бишкек, август, 2012 год



Карта инцидентов




Образование и тренинги


ТРЕНИНГ ПО ОСВЕЩЕНИЮ ПРАВ ЧЕЛОВЕКА

Школа миротворчества и медиатехнологий в ЦА объявляет конкурс для участия в тренинге «Как освещать права меньшинств и маргинализированных групп»,…

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МИРОТВОРЧЕСКАЯ ЖУРНАЛИСТИКА ПРИ ОСВЕЩЕНИИ КОНФЛИКТОВ

Можете ли вы ответить на вопрос: что такое миротворческая журналистика или журналистика мира, как это принято говорить в международной практике?

Это – позитивная журналистика?

Это – смягчение конфликта за счет историй, где говорится о том, как власти решают проблему?

Или это – баланс фактов и мнений, построенных на беспристрастной хронологии освещаемого вами конфликта?

Ни один из трех предложенных вопросов не является миротворческой журналистикой, поскольку она строится на других принципах.

Смотрите видеоурок от Инги Сикорской, директора Школы миротворчества и медиатехнологий в ЦА, медиаэксперта, исследователя, журналистки.

Инга освещала разные конфликтные события, работала в Афганистане, написала ряд учебных пособий для журналистов и активистов, в том числе "Как женщине-журналисту делать визуальные репортажи из Афганистана",

"Как освещать  многообразие и этнические конфликты,"Как журналистам избегать языка вражды в своих репортажах" и другие.

Инга проводит семинары по медиа, кризисным и миротворческим коммуникациям в Центральной Азии и других странах.

 

Смотрите видео-урок с примерами и пояснениями, а потом выполните упражнение.


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Наши услуги


МОНИТОРИНГИ, МЕДИАНАЛИТИКА, МЕДИАЭКСПЕРТИЗЫ КОНТЕНТА

 

МОНИТОРИНГИ, МЕДИАНАЛИТИКА, МЕДИАЭКСПЕРТИЗЫ КОНТЕНТАГруппа независимого мониторинга, экспертизы, анализа и образования Школы миротворчества и медиатехнологий в ЦА оказывает услуги в НКО секторе, проводит консультации, экспертизу тренинги по вопросам, связанным с медиасферой и публичным дискурсом.

Мы проводим медиа-мониторинги, медиа-исследования, разрабатываем медиа-планы и стратегии, готовим медиа-аналитику по заданным тематикам, а также предлагаем следующие услуги:

·исследование медиа-сферы на основе мониторинга СМИ на предмет освещения по заданной тематике с использованием уникальной методики, анализ, выработка рекомендаций;

·полный медиа-мониторинг и анализ выделенных публикаций по различным индикаторам, в зависимости от задачи– сбор всех материалов об объекте мониторинга по максимально широкому списку с помощью специальных электронных систем мониторинга, ручного поиска и интеллектуальных инструментов для анализа (кыргызский, русский, английский языки);

·по ограниченному медиа-списку – поиск публикаций об объекте мониторинга по определенному списку СМИ (обычно наиболее авторитетные, популярные, значимые с точки зрения достижения ЦА, издания);

·аналитические обзоры по заданной тематике;

·разработка моделей информационно-просветительских кампаний( интеллектуальная логистика, исследование и анализ ситуации, планирование мероприятий, определение аудитории, стратегия, сбор информации, анализ, разработка послания, определение ожидаемых результатов, тестирование кампании, разработка публичных мероприятий, отслеживание результатов кампании);

·разработка медиа-планов, мониторинг и анализ медиа-активности, кризисный медиа-мониторинг, архивный/ретроспективный медиа-мониторинг;

·консультации по созданию медиа-кампаний;

·тренинговые/обучающие услуги, мастер-классы: разработка тематики и программы тренинга;

·проведение медиа-тренингов/мастер-классов;

·информационные услуги (создание релизов, адаптация пресс-релизов под веб-публикацию. линкование, ссылки, теги и т д);

·разработка сценария и создание видео- и аудио-интервью, тезисы;

·подготовка спикеров для пресс-конференций, разработка сценария пресс-конференции и брифингов, тезисы их выступления;

·разработка медиа-плана для участия, выступающего в тематических программах по социально-значимым вопросам;

·редактирование и обработка текстов (кыргызский, русский, английский языки).

Вышеперечисленные услуги осуществляются по договору оказания платных услуг в некоммерческом секторе и рассчитаны в соответствии с калькуляцией платных услуг на текущий год. За подробной информацией обращаться на peacemakingschool@gmail.com или написать сообщение на Фейсбук https://www.facebook.com/Alinapeacemaker


 

 

 

 

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